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06 Dec 2016
OBGYN Doctors

 What is Cancer?
Cancer Doctors
The word 'Cancer' identifies some of a lot of diseases when a gang of cells show an abnormal development with the uncontrollable division past the normal limits. They've got a chance to intrude and destroy adjacent body tissues. Cancer cells have the ability to spread throughout our bodies via lymph and blood, thus destroying the healthy tissues (process called invasion).

Every one of the cancers begin in the essential unit of life - the cell. Normal cells inside a body manage to grow and divide in the controlled method to produce more cells as per required to maintain the body healthy. In the event the cells become old or damaged, they die and have substituted with new cells. If and when this normal process gets disturbed then cancer gets initiated. In the normal process, old cells die from a certain period of time and so are substituted with new cells. But also in a cancerous state, new cells go on developing while old cells tend not to die after they should thus ultimately causing so thousands of tissue known as a tumor.

There's 2 forms of tumors:

- Benign tumors:
A benign tumor just isn't cancerous. It might often be removed and often doesn't come back. These cells grow in a limited, non-aggressive manner. They don't attack the surrounding tissues nor spread with other areas of the body, i.e., usually do not metastasize.

- Malignant tumors:
A malignant tumor is cancerous. Cells during these tumors invade the surrounding tissues and spread with other areas of the body.

Reasons behind Cancer

A number of risks which could bring about cancer development. They're:

- Aging
- Tobacco
- Sunlight
- Ionizing radiation
- Certain chemicals as well as other substances
- Some airborne bacteria and viruses
- Certain hormones
- Ancestors and family history of cancer
- Alcohol
- Poor diet, deficiency of physical exercise, or becoming overweight

These types of risks may be avoided, while many others, for example genealogy and family history, can not be avoided. Wherever and whenever possible, steps could be consumed avoiding known risk factors.

Keep in mind that:

- Not everything causes cancer.
- Cancer isn't caused by a personal injury, like a bump or bruise.
- Cancer isn't contagious. Although being contaminated with certain viruses or bacteria may increase the risk of particular sorts of cancer, no-one can catch cancer from another person.
- Having several risks does not necessarily mean you will get cancer. Most people who may have risk factors never develop cancer.
- Many people will be more sensitive as opposed to runners towards the known risks.

Keep reading for more info about some of the common risk factors for cancer:


Age is an important risk factor for cancer. Cancer malignancy occur in people over the age of 65. But people of any age, including children, can get cancer, too.


Tobacco use highly boosts the risk of getting cancer, either it's directly while using tobacco or being around cigarettes (secondhand smoke). Smokers are more liable than nonsmokers to produce cancer of the mouth, the organs linked to asthmatic and also the digestive tract. They also are more likely to develop leukemia - cancer that starts in blood cells.

Quitting tobacco decreases the likelihood of cancer (though cancer risk is usually lowest some of those who've never used tobacco). When you have already had cancer, quitting decreases the likelihood of cancer recurrence.


Natural supply of Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is the sun. Other sources are sunlamps and tanning booths. It causes early aging of your skin and damage that may result in melanoma.

Doctors persuade folks of all ages to limit their time in the sun and to avoid other causes of UV radiation:

- Attempt to avoid exposure to the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.
- Remain in the shade when you have to leave the house.
- Cover exposed areas of the body.
- Wear light-colored, loose-fitting clothing, a broad-brimmed hat and sunglasses with lenses that absorb UV.
- Use sunscreen with a SPF for at least 15. They may aid the prevention of skin cancer.
- Keep away from sunlamps and tanning booths. They're no safer than sunlight.

Ionizing Radiation

Ionizing radiation could cause cell damage which leads to cancer. This radiation originates from rays that enter the Earth's atmosphere from outer space, radioactive fallout, radon gas, x-rays, along with other sources.

Radioactive fallout comes from accidents at nuclear power plants or through the production, testing, or using atomic weapons. People encountered with this fallout could possibly have an increased probability of cancer.

Radon can be an invisible, odour-less, tasteless radioactive gas. People working in mines might be exposed to radon.

Another common method to obtain radiation is through medical procedures. Doctors use low-dose radiations for x-rays and high-dose radiations for radiotherapy to deal with cancer. The chance of cancer from low-dose x-rays is extremely tiny as in comparison to radiotherapy. For, the power nearly always outweighs small risk.

Speak with your doctor or dentist in regards to the requirement of each x-ray. Also ask for shields to shield body parts which aren't in the picture.

Certain Chemicals and also other Substances

Research has shown that exposure to asbestos, benzene, benzidine, cadmium, nickel, or vinyl chloride in the workplace may cause cancer. Those who have contact with these products within their workplaces - like painters, construction workers, the ones in the chemical industry - offer an increased likelihood of cancer.

Always usually follow instructions and safety tips when handling harmful substances both at the job possibly at home. Be also careful in your own home when handling pesticides, used engine oil, paint, solvents, along with other chemicals.

Some Airborne bacteria and viruses

Being have contracted certain viruses or bacteria could raise the likelihood of developing cancer:

- Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) is the main source of cervical cancer along with some other cancer.
- Hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses might grow into liver cancer.
- Human T-cell leukemia/lymphoma virus (HTLV-1)greatly increases the likelihood of lymphoma and leukemia.
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - popularly known as AIDS. People having HIV infection have a higher risk of cancer - lymphoma along with a rare cancer called Kaposi's sarcoma.
- Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has become connected to an increased probability of lymphoma.
- Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8) is often a cause of Kaposi's sarcoma.
- Helicobacter pylorican cause stomach ulcers. What's more, it may cause stomach cancer and lymphoma inside the stomach lining.

Certain Hormones

In a few health issues, doctors recommend hormone therapy. However, studies show that hormone therapy might cause serious unwanted side effects: increases the probability of cancer of the breast, cardiac arrest, stroke, or thrombus.

Genealogy and family history of Cancer

A normal cell could become a cancer cell after a number of gene changes occur. Some gene changes that increase the chance of cancer are passed from parent to child. These changes are mixed together at birth in every cells with the body.

It's uncommon for cancer to perform in the family. However, several instances of the identical cancer enter a family might be connected to inherited gene changes, which boost the potential for developing cancers. However, environmental factors can be involved. But mostly, multiple cases of cancer in a family are only a a few chance.

Talk to your doctor if you think maybe you could have a design of an certain sort of cancer inside your family. A medical expert may suggest ways to attempt to decrease your likelihood of cancer and in addition might point to exams for early detection of cancer.

Ask your doctor about genetic testing to evaluate certain inherited gene changes that might increase the potential for developing cancer. But don't forget, inheriting a gene change does not mean that you'll definitely develop cancer. It implies you have a greater chance of developing the sickness.


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